Books and Publications
He has authored, edited or co-edited 8 books and over 70 journal articles and book chapters.
Anthony Oliver-Smith - Anthropologist
Anthony Oliver-Smith is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Florida. He is also affiliated with the Center for Latin American Studies and the School of Natural Resources and Environment at that institution. He has held the Greenleaf Chair of Latin American Studies at the Stone Center for Latin American Studies at Tulane University(2008) and the Munich Re Foundation Chair on Social Vulnerability at the United Nations University Institute on Environment and Human Security in Bonn, Germany(2007). He has been awarded the Bronislaw Malinowski Award of the Society for Applied Anthropology for 2013 for his lifetime achievement and work in disaster studies and resettlement research. He has done anthropological research and consultation on issues relating to disasters and involuntary resettlement in Peru, Honduras, India, Brazil, Jamaica, Mexico, Japan, and the United States. He has served on the executive boards of the National Association of Practicing Anthropologists and the Society for Applied Anthropology and on the Social Sciences Committee of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. He is also a member of La Red de Estudios Sociales en Prevención de Desastres en America Latina and is on the editorial boards of Environmental Disasters, the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction and Desastres y Sociedad. He is currently a member of the scientific committee on Integrated Research on Disaster Risk of the International Council for Science and the Climate Change Task Force of the American Anthropological Association.
What is the Definition of Paragraph?
A paragraph is a non-word sentence that contains a single idea, generally identified by the subject of the writing. A paragraph normally consists of at least one sentence and one or more clauses. Although not required by the grammar of any language, most paragraphs are intended as an expected constituent of further, longer prose. However, this is not to say that a written piece can be without a paragraph.
The term "definition" refers to a certain set of circumstances which are given definite shape or form. It is thus used to indicate that a thing is present in existence, but has not been determined or characterized. It can also refer to the entire class or type of articles. A definition of an article therefore can include any word or group of words that would determine the nature or end state of the entity referred to.
For an example of definition, let us take the definition of paragraph given above. The meaning of this definition will be clear if we replace each word in the previous sentence with its corresponding word or group of words. In this way, it will be easier for us to understand the meaning of this example. As a matter of fact, any sentence consisting of at least one word can be a definition of another, so long as both sentences follow the same logic. It must be noted though that an article cannot truly be a definition if the article already consists of a complete sentence.
The first example of definition paragraph is the sentence "The man who climbed the Everest passed away at the mountain's foot." Here, the sentence obviously includes a reference to the man who climbed the tallest mountain on earth. On the other hand, the article "he climbed the Everest" can be interpreted to mean "he scaled the tallest mountain." In this case, it would not be impossible for the introductory paragraph to also refer to the man who scaled the mountain as well as the mountain.
Another example of the definition of a paragraph that is problematic is the sentence "A picture tells a thousand words." The basic idea of this sentence is that a picture can tell a thousand words. However, what is the point of reading that sentence if it refers to the qualities of words that can only be understood by words? This problem is compounded when we come to the middle of the article and encounter a paragraph that has nothing to do with either the introductory paragraph or the body of the article.
The correct answer to what is the definition of a paragraph, as far as the essay itself is concerned, is that the definition of a paragraph exists at the beginning of the article (the point where the article gets its name from) and persists throughout the entire article. It is not necessary to define each and every paragraph in the article. However, the use of introductory sentences and paragraph names (as well as the use of introductory phrases such as "A picture tells a thousand words") needs to be controlled so that there is consistency throughout the essay.
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Anthropology and the Political Economy of Disasters
Applied Anthropology and Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement
Disaster, Displacement, and Employment
Theorizing Disasters. Nature, power, and culture
Communities after Catastrophe
Conversations in Catastrophe
Lima, Peru: Underdevelopment and vulnerability to hazards in the city of the kings
Displacement, Resistance and the Critique of Development: From the Grass Roots to the Global
Environmental Migration. Nature, Society and population
Evicted from Eden
Climate Change and Population Displacement: Disasters and Diasporas in the twenty-first Century
Haiti's 500-Year Earthquake
Involuntary Resettlement, Resistance & Political Empowerment
Perú's Five-Hundred-Year Earthquake: Vulnerability in Historical Context
Post-Disaster Housing Reconstruction and Social Inequality: A Challenge to Policy and Practice
Resistance to Resettlement: The formation and evolution of movements
Initiatives for safer housing in Jamaica - an overview
Successes and Failures in Post-Disaster Resettlement
What is a Disaster. Anthropological Perspectives on a Persistent Question
Theorizing Vulnerability in a Globalized World
Understanding Impoverishment Fighting for a Place
Recent Keynote Lectures and Presentations
2015 Los Desastres, el desplazamiento y el reto del reasentamiento. Segundo encuentro internacional de familias en alto riesgo, International Organization for Migration (IOM)- Instituto Distrital de Gestion de Riesgos y Cambio Climatico (IDIGER) -Consultoria para los Derechos Humanos y el Desplazamiento (CODHES) Bogota, November 5.
2015 Environmental Change and Community Displacement: Resettlement Challenges in Gunayala. Invited Lecture, Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University. October 16.
2015 Non-Economic Loss and Damage (NELD) in Climate Change: An overview of the knowledge base to date. Keynote Lecture at the workshops Non-Economic Loss and Damage – What is it and why does it matter?
German Development Institute, August 26-28
2015 El Cambio climático, el desplazamiento de poblaciones y el proceso de reasentamiento, Two workshops held in Gardi Sugdub, Gunayala, Panama (April 14) and the Panamanian Ministry of Environment and Centro de Incidencia Ambiental (CIAM), April 16.
2012 “Risk, Society and Culture,” Plenary Address at the Global Risk Forum, October 28. Davos, Switzerland.
2012 “Climate and Migration: Anthropological Perspectives,” presentation in the panel entitled “Climates of Migration,” Global Risk Forum, October 29. Davos, Switzerland.
2012 “Social Vulnerability, Climate Change and Development: A Matter of Choice?” Keynote Address at the Capstone Conference of the Munich Re Foundation-United Nations University Institute on Environment and Human Security, October 8. Bonn, Germany.
2011 “Defining Disasters: Key Concepts and Their Complexities,” Symposium on Disaster Research, Yale University, October 19.
2011 "Disaster Induced Displacement and Resettlement: An Additional Challenge of Climate Change," Keynote address as the symposium Populations at Risk of Disaster: Preventive Resettlement as a Disaster Risk Reduction Measure, World Bank, September 14.
2011 "Environmental Migrants? Nature Society and Population Displacement in the 21st Century,"
Keynote lecture at the Symposium entitled "Climates of Migration" at the Rachel Carson Center,
Munich, Germany, August 5.
2011 "Conversations in Catastrophe: The Cultural Framing of Disaster Processes," Keynote lecture at the workshop entitled Cultures and Disasters at Bielefeld University, Germany July 6.
2011 "Rethinking the Angry Earth: The Paths to Vulnerability and Resilience," Keynote lecture at the symposium entitled Disasters, Knowledge, Ethics UNESCO headquarters , Paris, France July 4
2010 "21st Century Risk, Vulnerability and Disaster: Anthropological Perspectives," Keynote lecture at the symposium entitled Catastrophes et risques: de l'empirique a la critique at the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, of Science Po CNRS, Paris, France, June 18.
2010 "Questions We Need to Ask Ourselves about Climate Change, Poverty and Environmental Justice," at the University of Tennessee Distinguished Lecture series on Human Rights, Disasters and Development, April 14,, Knoxville, Tennessee.
2009-“Out of Place: Mapping the Terrain for a Unified Theory of Involuntary Migration and Resettlement,” Keynote Lecture at the conference entitled The Role of the State in Population Movements: The Circumpolar North and Other Regions. Rovaniemi, Finland. October 26.
2009-“Climate Change and Sea Level Rise: Challenges and Adaptations for Local Communities” Invited Lecture at the conference entitled The Great Transformation: Climate Change as Cultural Change. Essen, Germany, June 10
Workshops and Guest Lectures
Forensic Investigations of Disaster
Culture and Disaster
The Political Ecology of Disasters
Disasters and Population Displacement
Post Disaster Reconstruction and Recovery
Climate Change, Displacement and Resettlement
Climate, Displacement and Migration
Adaptation to Climate Change
Crisis, Change and Human Survival
Environmental Disruption and Cultural Responses
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